Social Penetration Theory In Relationship Formation


Social information processing (theory) - Wikipedia

Computer-mediated interactants exhibited a greater proportion of more direct and intimate uncertainty reduction behaviors than unmediated participants did, and demonstrated significantly greater gains in attributional confidence over the course of the conversations. Now we start to talk about private and personal matters. This evaluation is used as a basis of forecasting the cost and reward implication for future exchanges which may be made.

  • A survey revealed multiple differences in online communication methods between 1DG and 2DG.
  • We may use personal idioms.
  • They do not automatically get better and better where the participants learn more and more about each other. Further, these messages "build up" over time and provide online participants sufficient information from which to begin and develop interpersonal relationships.
  • This is because if the costs involved in information exchange are more that the rewards received, then the individuals or partners will end the relationship Littlejohn
  • Interpersonal exchanges develop from superficial to non-intimate area to deeper degrees of selves of the interacting people.

Walther's hyperpersonal perspective acknowledges a feedback system this way: Information suggesting introversion was considered negative while information suggestion extroversion was considered to be positive. However in the early stages of a relationship, disclosures of intimate information can act as a hindrance to the development of a relationship Green He argues that if interactants communicate enough times and with sufficient breadth and depth, nonverbal communication does not remain paramount in relationship development. An additional support for this claim is that there is research on intercultural communication that suggests the amount of exchange of self-disclosures in CMC is shaped by cultural values.


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DESCRIPTION: Developed in by psychologists Irwin Altman and Dalmas Taylor, the theory states that relationships begin and deepen through self-disclosure. It also looks at how friendship moves from peripheral and superficial levels of exchange to intimate friends Green

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We now start to reveal ourselves, expressing personal attitudes about moderate topics such as government and education. Politics is an important area in which candidates and ideas—the product—can be brought into an intimate relation with the public. Retrieved 3 April Walther and Parks noticed that people often meet offline after having first met online. This is also known as social-identity-deindividuation or SIDE. People who meet online have a better opportunity to make a favorable impression on the other. College student roommates who developed the closest friendships reported to have exchanged more information and more intimate information across all categories.

Social information processing (theory)

Progress through these stages is usually linear at first but may become cyclical later. Finally, since CMC systems are available around the globe, the uniqueness of being able to cultivate online relationships with someone who is very far away cannot be ignored. Further, these messages "build up" over time and provide online participants sufficient information from which to begin and develop interpersonal relationships.

The anticipation of future communication may make communicators to look for more information about the other. Very close friends not only disclose more of their personal information than strangers, but they also disclose more intimate information. He made himself very close, almost a friend, to the population.

  • Social Penetration Theory
  • Sharing personal information can strengthen relationships, increase physical and emotional intimacy and open new lines of communication with a partner.
  • Social Penetration

They observed that synchronous forms of communications allow for increased mental and behavioral engagement between parties, allowing participants to feel a stronger sense of connection, presence, identification, and social awareness in the conversation. Burgoon, Chen, and Twitchell also conducted an experiment to test how synchronicity affects online interactions. Prior research on the relational aspects of computer-mediated communication has suggested strong depersonalizing effects of the medium due to the absence of nonverbal cues. As relationships grow, the rate of self-disclosure slows while the facts disclosed become increasingly intimate in nature. Walther has been a self-reflective critic of his own theory.

Stages of Self-Disclosure

Warrants that are very difficult to manipulate by the user are considered high in warranting value. This data reveals that everyone is using the internet for social purposes, but that younger generations of the Digital Age prefer synchronous communication methods, while older generations tend to use asynchronous communication more often. It also looks at how friendship moves from peripheral and superficial levels of exchange to intimate friends Green


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